February 2018

There are many reasons to invest in a solar photovoltaic system, with one of the more generally desirable ones being to reduce one’s energy bills. However, solar has other benefits – such as providing clean, quiet backup power using battery storage, reduction of one’s carbon footprint, securing an investment with a short payback period and adding to property value to name a few. As we know, investing in a solar system does require a substantial investment that should be protected in case of unexpected damage.

Solar photovoltaic popularity has grown in Jamaica since the reduction in solar system prices, the reduction of interest rates and the increased volatility in JPS pricing. It is an unsaid expectation that solar energy companies must install systems of the highest quality, which as a result enables insurance companies to comfortably pay claims for hurricanes, theft or fire damage. Unfortunately, this is often not the case.

A lack of research by investors into choosing a prospective solar energy company is a common occurrence. Clients are also generally unguided by their chosen solar installer as to informing their property insurance provider to add the system to their existing policy. Importantly, the insurance company determines whether a solar system can be added to a policy. Therefore, appropriate training is needed for insurance inspectors to ensure UL/CE rated equipment, racking and wiring are in place.


The insurance industry has some assistance in verifying quality installations when it comes to grid tied solar systems, as these should not be installed without the system being passed by the Government Electrical Inspectorate (GEI). The GEI has the role of inspection and certification of electrical installations throughout the island in accordance with the Electrical Lighting Law. This is a rigorous process that once completed ensures that the solar system’s electricals are up to code and will not cause harm to the property or JPS grid once commissioned. This process however does not exist for battery storage solar systems that do not need to sell back to the JPS grid. Therefore, insurance companies are left on their own to inspect the complete system when battery-based systems are used.


There is also no government inspection when it comes to the very important solar panel racking used with any system. Solar panel ‘racking’ is a complete mounting system, consisting of rails, L-Feet, and fasteners that are bolted to the roof of a client’s property, and to which the panels are then attached. This means insurance companies and clients need to understand the difference between UL/CE listed racking (made by reputable companies providing 20 plus year warranties that guarantee protection against adverse weather conditions), and Do It Yourself (DIY) racking fabricated by some local companies. DIY racking is generally made with welded or aluminum hollow section. This racking provides no engineering testing or certification proving its structural integrity, and hence gives no guarantee or warranty in the case of adverse weather conditions. It is much cheaper to fabricate hollow section racking than to purchase UL/CE listed racking from overseas, and in many cases (not all) these savings are passed down to the clients in the hopes of securing a sale. This practice however leaves the client vulnerable by compromising the quality of the system, and from a monetary standpoint, reduces the value to the client. Fabricated racking installations are not and should not be covered by insurance companies without a stamped structural engineers approval. The structural engineers stamp shows a professional sign of approval for a solar mounting/racking installation.


See below the comparison of a welded racking system and a UL/CE listed racking system.

 Welded racking. No warranty or certification

UL/CE listed racking. 20yr warranty can be installed to withstand up 180mph winds

Cheaper hollow section racking reduces the value of a client’s investment should an insurance company decide not to cover it on the property owners existing insurance. The prevalence of such installations suggests that when Jamaica is hit by adverse extreme weather conditions (for example: hurricanes) many installations will not be protected.


I asked Jordan Thwaites from Thwaites Finson Sharp Insurance Brokers some questions regarding solar system being covered by property insurance:

If clients add a solar system to their home or business and then adds it to their property insurance, will it raise the cost of the property insurance? 
Yes, the Solar System will incur a higher rate than the rest of the Property Insurance as it is considered “High Risk” for Windstorm Damage. Insurance for a Solar System will cost Approximately 2% of the value of the Solar System.


A lot of solar companies take shortcuts and install solar equipment such as inverters with inferior brands or racking that may not be UL or CE listed and therefore not up to code or proper wind loading. Are insurance companies inspecting the quality of the products before attaching the solar system to property insurance, or do they require certification of the quality? If not, how do you see this improving?
Typically, the Insurance Company would arrange for an Employee to perform a site visit to inspect the solar system, they then make recommendations for changes if need be, failure to comply with these recommendations in a reasonable amount of time will result in a cancellation of the Insurance coverage.


When installing solar panels to the roof some solar contractors are manufacturing their own solar racking out of steel hollow section. There are UL/CE listed racking that will withstand up to 180mph wind which are certified for wind loading and have 20year warranties. However, racking made out of hollow section and welded together will blow off much easier and has not been certified to UL/CE or engineering standards. Should a system that’s installed with hollow section be allowed to be included on a home property insurance? 
No, unorthodox installation methods should be declared to the Insurers, and they would decline to insure a system with installations of this nature.


If an inferior solar system is installed and somehow added to the property insurance, in case it was damaged due to the inferior products is there a chance the insurance company could refuse to pay the claim? 
It is possible, but evidence of the faulty installation would have to be found and proven by the Insurance Company. They could claim that the Insured SHOULD have disclosed any unorthodox methods of installation prior to Insuring the system.


Jordan’s insight shows the importance of having a properly installed solar system with certified equipment. This investment is likely to cost more than a cheaper solar system with inferior equipment (to your knowledge or not) but high quality solar equipment will have warranties of up to 25 years. Therefore, having the proper warranties, certificates and insurance in place to protect such an important investment is worth the small extra upfront cost. Always keep in mind that solar is generating free power so any additional investment in high quality equipment will only add a small amount of time to your payback. You are going to retrieve your investment in a short time so why not choose to give yourself the best possible quality system.

Jason Robinson
CEO, Solar Buzz Jamaica
Jamaica Solar Association Executive Board Member

BRUSSELS, Belgium — The European Union (EU) can increase the share of renewable energy in its energy mix to 34 per cent by 2030 — double the share in 2016 — with a net positive economic impact, finds a report by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) launched in Brussels Monday.

Presenting the findings of the report, titled ‘Renewable Energy Prospects for the European Union’ and developed at the request of the European Commission, IRENA’s Director General Adnan Z Amin highlighted that achieving higher shares of renewable energy is possible with today’s technology, and would trigger additional investments of around €368 billion until 2030 — equal to an average annual contribution of 0.3 per cent of the GDP of the EU. The number of people employed in the sector across the EU — currently 1.2 million — would grow significantly under a revised strategy.

Raising the share of renewable energy would help reduce emissions by a further 15 per cent by 2030 — an amount equivalent to Italy’s total emissions. These reductions would bring the EU in line with its goal to reduce emissions by 40 per cent compared to 1990 levels, and set it on a positive pathway towards longer-term decarbonisation. The increase would result in savings of between €44 billion and €113 billion per year by 2030, when accounting for savings related to the cost of energy and avoided environmental and health costs.

“For decades now, through ambitious long-term targets and strong policy measures, Europe has been at the forefront of global renewable energy deployment,” said Amin. “With an ambitious and achievable new renewable energy strategy, the EU can deliver market certainty to investors and developers, strengthen economic activity, grow jobs, improve health, and put the EU on a stronger decarbonisation pathway in line with its climate objectives.”

Welcoming the timeliness of the report, Miguel Arias Cañete, European Commissioner for Energy and Climate Action, said: “The report confirms our own assessments that the costs of renewables have come down significantly in the last couple of years, and that we need to consider these new realities in our ambition levels for the upcoming negotiations to finalise Europe’s renewable energy policies.”

The report highlights that all EU member states have additional cost-effective renewable energy potential, noting that renewable heating and cooling options account for more than one-third of the EU’s additional renewables potential. Furthermore, all renewable transport options will be needed to realise EU’s long-term decarbonisation objectives.

Additional key findings from the report include:

• Reaching a 34 per cent renewable share by 2030 would require an estimated average investment in renewable energy of around €62 billion per year.

• The renewable energy potential identified would result in 327 GW of installed wind capacity, an additional 97 GW compared to business as usual; and 270 GW of solar, an 86 GW increase on business as usual.

• Accelerated adoption of heat pumps and electric vehicles would increase electricity to 27 per cent of total final energy consumption, up from 24 per cent in a business as usual scenario.

• The share of renewable energy in the power sector would rise to 50 per cent by 2030, compared to 29 per cent in 2015.

• In end-use sectors, renewable energy would account for 42 per cent of energy in buildings, 36 per cent in industry and 17 per cent in transport.

• All renewable transport options are needed, including electric vehicles and — both advanced and conventional – biofuels to realise long-term EU decarbonisation objectives.

The report is a contribution to the ongoing discussions on the European Commission’s ‘Clean Energy for All Europeans’ package, tabled in November 2016, which proposed a framework to support renewable energy deployment.

Renewable Energy Prospects for the European Union is part of IRENA’s renewable energy roadmap, REmap, which determines the potential for countries, regions and the world to scale up renewables to ensure an affordable and sustainable energy future. The roadmap focuses on renewable technology options in power, as well as heating, cooling and transport. The REmap study for the EU is based on deep analysis of existing REmap studies for 10 EU member states (accounting for 73 per cent of EU energy use), complemented and aggregated with high-level analyses for the other 18 EU member states.

IRENA is the global multilateral framework for renewable energy cooperation and information exchange. It promotes the widespread adoption and sustainable use of all forms of renewable energy, in the pursuit of sustainable development, energy access, energy security and low-carbon economic growth and prosperity. It has 154 members (153 States and the European Union), with 26 additional countries in the accession process.

Jamaica Observer